From the archives...
The following question was originally posted on the (now discontinued) LOE Forum.
I cannot find a chart of the 45 phonemes that you mention, either in the teaching manual, charts or website. the sound to spelling reference chart lists 48 phonemes. which are the 3 extra phonemes? Other programs such as the dyslexic sites all mention 44 phonemes. Which is the extra phoneme in LOE? Please clarify.
Be definition a phoneme is an isolated sound. On the Phonogram and Spelling Rule Reference Chart, or in the Spelling Journal, you will see that there is a "Sound to Spelling" Chart. This chart includes three sounds that are not technically phonemes. /wer/ is two phonemes, /w/ and /er/. /uf/ is two phonemes, /u/ and /f/. /gw/ is also two phonemes /g/ and /w/.
Some programs do not teach WOR, OUGH, IGH, AUGH, and GU as phonograms. Linguistically they would say they represent more than one sound, or in the case of the GH phonograms that the GH is either silent or says /f/. This then would disqualify them as a "sound picture."
I feel, however, that including them as phonograms is much simpler for pedagogical reasons.
I hope this helps!